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Americans must demand better financial security
Dec 27, 2013 - By The Dallas Morning News
News that cyber-criminals have put accounts of 40 million customers of retail giant Target at risk is a sober reminder that as much as you might think your credit and debit card transactions are safe from theft, they're not.
U.S. banks, credit card companies and retailers are woefully behind their European counterparts in tackling this threat.
Consumers and lawmakers must demand tighter security on personal information, the theft of which can cause years of consternation. Financial networks are more connected than ever, leaving many entry points for thieves to exploit any transaction to rack up unauthorized charges.
After dozens of high-profile data breaches in recent years, you'd think retailers and financial institutions would have installed state-of-the-art security technology -- especially at the checkout counter.
Unfortunately, many haven't. Sophisticated fraud prevention technology is expensive, and retailers, banks and credit card companies all want someone else to pay for it. The Nilson Report, which tracks these things, says financial fraud reached a record $11.2 billion last year. That's a staggering figure to the average person but only amounts to about 5.2 cents for every $100 transaction. Companies often chalk up this loss as a cost of doing business or pass along the expense to consumers.
As a customer, you should find this a maddening and unacceptable calculation. If a breach causes you to be a victim of identity theft, you can be sure that your retailer, bank or credit rating agency will not be of much help. You'll be on your own to straighten out your financial life.
In Europe, credit cards store encrypted information digitally on embedded computer chips, which generate a unique code every time the card is swiped. Card fraud has dropped in Europe but continues to rise in the United States. Security experts say that's because the magnetic stripe on our credit and debit cards is a decades-old technology that is too easy to copy.
Target is telling customers that they won't be responsible for unauthorized charges. JPMorgan Chase has limited the amount of cash withdrawals available to Target customers as a precaution. On the legal front, Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., is demanding a federal probe into the breach.
But acting after the fact is not enough. We live in a plastic society, so it is unrealistic to ask consumers to not use debit or credit cards. It is, however, entirely reasonable to demand that banks and retailers do much more to protect customers.