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Federal fire prevention funds cut as fires rage

Jun 20, 2013 - By Mead Gruver and Nicholas Riccardi, The Associated Press

U.S. Sen. John Barrasso of Wyoming is sponsoring a budget amendment to restore $100 million in funding for firef­ighting.

As the West battles one catastrophic wildfire after another, the federal government is spending less and less on its main program for preventing blazes in the first place.

A combination of government austerity and the ballooning cost of battling the ruinous fires has taken a bite out of federal efforts to remove the dead trees and flammable underbrush that clog Western forests. The U.S. Forest Service says that next year it expects to treat 1 million fewer acres than it did last year.

In real, inflation-adjusted dollars, the government is spending less on the Hazardous Fuels Reduction Program, run jointly by the Forest Service and the Interior Department, than it did in 2002. And President Barack Obama has proposed a 31 percent cut for the fiscal year that begins in the fall.

"Because the fires have gotten bigger and bigger, we've spent more of our money on suppression and less on fuel removal," Sen. Mark Udall, D-Colo., said in an interview. "We've gotten behind the eight-ball on this."

Federal firefighting officials say there is no question the program prevents some fires and makes others less dangerous to homeowners and firefighters alike. But they say they are caught in a bind.

"It's a wicked public policy question," said Tom Harbour, the Forest Service's director of fire and aviation management. "We've got to make trade-offs. We're living in a time of constrained budgets."

Wyoming U.S. Sen John Barrasso is a cosponsor of a bipartisan amendment to the 2014 U.S. Senate budget to increase the funding availability for fighting wildfires and modernizing the air tanker fleet by $100 million -- critical funds that will help prevent fires from growing and threatening lives and.

"Wyoming and other western communities continue to be threatened by wildfires stemming from excessive fuel loads and beetle-killed timber. It's crucial that we have the necessary resources available to contain them," Barrasso said. "Our amendment would ensure that firefighting resources are given top priority. This will help give Federal land agencies the tools they need to save lives, homes, and property across the country."

The amendment would require the Senate Appropriations Committee to prioritize this suppression funding and reduce spending on lower priority items in 2014.

Wildfires have grown in intensity and cost across the nation because of a combination of high temperatures, drought, an infestation of pine-killing beetles, and the rising number of people living close to nature. Since the 1990s, 15 million to 17 million new homes have been built in dangerous fire zones, according to a government report.

The Forest Service says it must clear flammable materials from at least 65 million acres to tamp down the danger. The federal government is the primary landlord in the western United States, with responsibility for maintaining much of the open lands that burn during fire season.

Eight of the nine worst fire seasons on record in the U.S., as measured in acres burned, have occurred since 2000, according to the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho.

Last year, 9.3 million acres burned, with 51 separate fires of more than 40,000 acres each. Colorado suffered its most destructive season in history as a blaze on the edge of Colorado Springs destroyed 347 homes. That record stood for less than a year: Last week, a wildfire just outside Colorado Springs devastated at least 502 homes and killed two people.

Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia New Mexico, Texas and Utah also have seen fires in the past six years that set records for size or destructiveness.

Meanwhile, the Hazardous Fuels Reduction Program has seen funding go from $421 million in 2002 to $500 million last year. When those numbers are adjusted for inflation, it is actually a slight decrease. This year's automatic budget cuts have reduced the funding even further to $419 million. The Obama administration is proposing to slash the total to $292 million next year.

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